Farmaajo and the Politics of Instability

By Abdifatah Ali Googe

Following the collapse of the government in 1991, Somalia experienced all forms of distraction including years of anarchy, chronic civil war, perennial clan factions and almost another decade of terrorism where the county’s both political stability is misplaced and the trust among the people effected and divided during the aftermath of the violent conflict.

However, President Abdul-Qassim Hassan’s transitional Government and the rest of his predecessors had almost the same policy challenges and tasks towards re-building the nation, but unlike, the current president’s hostage policy, they at least went through some negotiations and Consensus building approach. At the beginning of his Tenure the president and his prime-minster decide to overthrow the speaker of the lower house, after the Scandal of Qalbi-Dhagax and his illegal hand-over to Ethiopia.

The people’s house of representative protested and tremendously stood against the case. Essentially, that was a simple and small light coming from the house under the leadership of Prof. Mohamed Osman Jawaari, and most importantly the effectiveness of the institution. But unfortunately, that was the end of both the free parliament and the career of the speaker himself as chairman and off course it’s where the president’s new strategy of divide and rule starts. Just after his former minister of defense became the new pro-government speaker of the house.

The political turmoil between the federal member states (FMS) and the central government of Somalia will remain in permanent chaotic until the completion of the professional constitution, but the legality of the federal system and the role of the regional leaders as important stakeholders were never been in place and yet its unquestionable. starting from his campaign slogans until up to date as occupant of the office, the president proofed his elimination stand on federalism which is another crumble to the nation.

The inauguration ceremony of president Said Abdullahi Of Puntland was the first round-table meeting between the Federal government and the federal member states Including the presence of Abdirahman Omar Yarisow, the former deceased governor of Benadir Region. This time the conference was much different from the previous ones in terms of grouping, Galmudug, Jubbaland and Puntland itself were inter- allied while Hirshabelle and South-west, backed by the president and the prime-minster were ready to stick on their grounds as the acting opposite team, in which finally resulted the failure of the conference, such policy confrontations and power abuses will only prolong the fragility of the country, therefore, structuring political understanding that could direct the power exercise between them has never became crucial as it’s for today.

The so-called regional reconciliation seminars facilitated by the federal ministry of interior before the installation of puppet friends onto the precedence of the member states under the selection of the government’s team, is an emerging threat and indicates the political stability of the country. On the other hand, despite all this critical challenges coming from the central government to undermine the federal system, Somalis must bear in mind that federalism is the law of the land and proposing confederation system will not help the revival of prosper, united and strong Somalia.